Cymraeg

The Experiences of Women in World War One

A collection of information, experiences and photographs recorded by Women's Archive of Wales in 2014-18

A collection of information, experiences and photographs recorded by Women's Archive of Wales in 2014-18

Browse the collection


Sorted by date of death

Annie Crosby

Place of birth: Liverpool

Service: Passenger

Death: 1915-05-07, SS Lusitania, Drowning/Boddi

Memorial: War memorial, Bagillt, Flintshire

Notes: aged 36, drowned with her sister Ellen in the sinking of the Lusitania

Sources: http://www.flintshirewarmemorials.com; www.rmslusitania.info/

Reference: WaW0003


Ellen (Nellie) Crosby

Place of birth: Liverpool

Service: Passenger

Death: 1915-05-07, SS Lusitania, Drowning / Boddi

Memorial: War memorial, Bagillt, Flintshire

Notes: aged 40, drowned with her sister Annie in the sinking of the Lusitania

Sources: http://www.lintshirewarmemorials.com; www.rmslusitania.info/

Reference: WaW0004


Mabel Dearmer

Place of birth: Llanbleblig, 1872

Service: Volunteer, Red Cross/Y Groes Goch

Death: 1915-07-11, Serbia, Typhus/Pneumonia Teiffws/ Niwmonia

Notes: Mabel Dearmer, born 1872, was a successful writer, dramatist and illustrator of adult and children’s books. She and her husband the Rev Percy Dearmer were both pacifists and supporters of the Church League for Women’s Suffrage. When her husband accepted a post as chaplain to the British Red Cross in Serbia, she volunteered to go too, and died in July 1915. Her letters home were published posthumously as ‘Letters from a Field Hospital’.

Sources: http://britishlibrary.typepad.co.uk/untoldlives/2014/08/mabel-dearmer-in-serbia.html https://www.amazon.com/Letters-field-hospital-Mabel-Dearmer/dp/117677140X#reader_117677140X

Reference: WaW0092

Grave, on the left, of Mabel Dearmer, Kragujevac Central Cemetery, Serbia

Mabel Dearmer's grave, left.

Grave, on the left, of Mabel Dearmer, Kragujevac Central Cemetery, Serbia

Mabel’s photograph was collected by the Women’s Subcommittee of the Imperial War Museum as part of its collection of women who died during the War

Mabel Dearmer

Mabel’s photograph was collected by the Women’s Subcommittee of the Imperial War Museum as part of its collection of women who died during the War


One of Mabel Dearmer’s characteristic children’s book illustrations, 1901rnrn

Book illustration

One of Mabel Dearmer’s characteristic children’s book illustrations, 1901rnrn

List of the staff of the Stobart Hospital, Kragujevac, Serbia. ‘Dearmer, Mrs Percy’ is listed under ‘Women Orderlies’ and her husband The Rev Dr P Dearmer is the Hon Chaplain. Emily Hill [qv] is listed under ‘Nursing Sisters.

Stobart Hospital Staff List

List of the staff of the Stobart Hospital, Kragujevac, Serbia. ‘Dearmer, Mrs Percy’ is listed under ‘Women Orderlies’ and her husband The Rev Dr P Dearmer is the Hon Chaplain. Emily Hill [qv] is listed under ‘Nursing Sisters.


Augusta Minshull

Place of birth: Atherstone

Service: Nurse, St John’s Ambulance, Scottish Women’s Hospital

Death: 1915/03/21, Kraguievatz, Typhus fever / Haint teiffws

Memorial: Chela Kula Military Cemetery, Nĭs, Nĭs, Serbia

Notes: Augusta Minshull was born in 1861 in Atherstone, near Manchester, but was brought up in Denbigh where her parents ran the Crown Hotel. She seems to have trained as a nurse after her mother’s death. She had extensive experience in hospitals in England and Dublin. In 1914 she seems to have travelled first to Belgium, and then to Kraguievatz, Serbia early in 1915. She died there in the epidemic of typhus, aged 53 or 54.

Reference: WaW0468

Augusta’s photograph was collected by the Women’s Subcommittee as part of its collection of women who died during the war.

Augusta Minshull

Augusta’s photograph was collected by the Women’s Subcommittee as part of its collection of women who died during the war.

Newspaper report of Augusta Minshull’s death in Serbia. Denbighshire Free Press 17th April 1915.

Newspaper report

Newspaper report of Augusta Minshull’s death in Serbia. Denbighshire Free Press 17th April 1915.


Obituary of Augusta Minshull in the British Journal of Nursing, detailing her career.

Obituary

Obituary of Augusta Minshull in the British Journal of Nursing, detailing her career.

Roll of honour of members of the Scottish Women’s Hospitals who died overseas.

Roll of honour

Roll of honour of members of the Scottish Women’s Hospitals who died overseas.


Martha Emily Jenkins

Place of birth: Liverpool

Service: Stewardess, SS Aguila

Death: 1915/03/27, SS Aguila / Pembrokeshire coast, Drowning / Boddi

Memorial: Tower Hill Memorial, London

Notes: Martha Jenkins, Liverpool born but of Welsh extraction, was a stewardess on SS Aguila trading between Liverpool and the Canaries. The ship was torpedoed by a German U Boat off the coast of Pembrokeshire. Eight lives were lost including an un-named female passenger.

Sources: http://www.benjidog.co.uk/Tower%20Hill/WW1%20Agenoria%20to%20Alaunia.html#Aguila

Reference: WaW0173

Martha Emily Jenkins, stewardess, drowned 1915

Martha Emily Jenkins

Martha Emily Jenkins, stewardess, drowned 1915

Medal Record Card for Martha Emily Jenkins

Medal Record card

Medal Record Card for Martha Emily Jenkins


Part of report of the sinking of SS Aguila, Abergavenny Chronicle 2nd April 1915

Newspaper report

Part of report of the sinking of SS Aguila, Abergavenny Chronicle 2nd April 1915


Anne Davies

Place of birth: Gowerton

Service: Mother

Death: 1915/05/07, S S Lusitania, Drowning / Boddi

Notes: Anne Davies, aged 52, was originally from Gowerton, but emigrated to America in about 1885. She lived in Ontario, Canada, but had been visiting her daughter in Llanelli. She was returning home on the Lusitania when it was torpedoed off the Irish coast. Her body was one of the first to be recovered, and she is buried in Cobh Old Town cemetery, Queenstown.

Reference: WaW0277

Article with photograph of Anne Davies, at that point missing after the sinking of the Lusitania. Cambria Daily Leader 10th May 1915

Newspaper report and photograph

Article with photograph of Anne Davies, at that point missing after the sinking of the Lusitania. Cambria Daily Leader 10th May 1915

Report confirming the death of Anne Davies. Cambria Daily Leader 19th May 1915

Newspaper report

Report confirming the death of Anne Davies. Cambria Daily Leader 19th May 1915


Mary Elizabeth Jones

Place of birth: Llanfairfechan

Service: Stewardess, Cunard Steam Ship Company, \\\'Many years\\\'

Death: 1915/05/17, SS Lusio, Cause not known

Memorial: Mercantile Marine Memorial to the Missing, Tower Hill, London

Sources: http://www.liverpoolmuseums.org.uk/maritime/visit/floor-plan/lusitania/people/peoples-stories.aspx?id=15547

Reference: WaW0256

Report of Nurse Edwards’s home leave, Yr Adsain 27th February 1917

Newspaper article

Report of Nurse Edwards’s home leave, Yr Adsain 27th February 1917


Mary Elizabeth (May) Jones

Place of birth: Llanfairfechan

Service: Stewardess, Cunard Steam Ship Company

Death: 1915/05/17, SS Lusitania, Drowning / Boddi

Memorial: Mercantile Marine Memorial to the Missing, Tower Hill, London

Notes: May had been a senior stewardess with the Cunard Steam Ship Company for many years. She drowned aged 43 when SS Lusitania was torpedoed on 17th May 1917, together with 14 other stewardesses including Jane Howdle [qv]. Eight survived. She was buried with other victims at Old Cobh Cemetery, Queenstown, Ireland.

Sources: http://www.liverpoolmuseums.org.uk/maritime/visit/floor-plan/lusitania/people/peoples-stories.aspx?id=15547

Reference: WaW0261

Death Notice of Mary Jones,  North Wales Chronicle 14th May 1915.

Death notice

Death Notice of Mary Jones, North Wales Chronicle 14th May 1915.

Report of memorial service for Mary Jones, Y Clorianydd 19th May 1915rn

Newspaper report

Report of memorial service for Mary Jones, Y Clorianydd 19th May 1915rn


Margaret Elizabeth Foulkes (née Hughes)

Place of birth: Sandycroft, Flintshire

Service: Stewardess, S S Lusitania, 1915

Death: 1915/07/05, S S Lusitania, Drowning / Boddi

Memorial: Mercantile Marine Memorial to the Missing, Tower Hill, London

Notes: Margaret Foulkes, was born in Wales and brought up in Liverpool. She was a widow, and had worked on the Lusitania before the final voyage; stewardesses seem to have been employed by the voyage. She drowned when the ship was torpedoed on May 7th 1915, aged 42. Her body was never found.

Reference: WaW0324


Caroline Maud Edwards

Place of birth: Newport

Service: Nursing Sister, QARNNS

Death: 1915/12/30, HMS Natal, Cromart, Explosion/Ffrwydrad

Memorial: Chatham Naval Memorial, Chatham, Kent

Notes: Sister Edwards was serving on HMHS Drina, but was visiting HMS Natal with others to see a Christmas film. She died with at least 400 others in an unexplained explosion.

Sources: http://www.northern-times.co.uk/Opinion/Stones-Throw/The-little-known-tragedy-of-HMS-Natal-07112012.htm

Reference: WaW0091

Name of Caroline Edwards, QARNNS, on Chatham Naval Memorial..

Caroline Edwards's name on Chatham Naval Memorial

Name of Caroline Edwards, QARNNS, on Chatham Naval Memorial..

Maud Edwards in QARNNS uniform

Maud Edwards

Maud Edwards in QARNNS uniform



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