Cymraeg

The Experiences of Women in World War One

A collection of information, experiences and photographs recorded by Women's Archive of Wales in 2014-18

A collection of information, experiences and photographs recorded by Women's Archive of Wales in 2014-18

Browse the collection


Sorted by date of death

Jane Ellen Howdle

Service: Stewardess

Death: 1915:11:07, SS Lusitania, Drowning / Boddi

Memorial: War memorial, Benllech, Anglesey

Notes: aged 33. Buried at Cobh Old Cemetery, County Cork, Ireland

Sources: http://www.rmslusitania.info/people/lusitania-victims;http://www.liverpoolmuseums.org.uk/maritime/visit/floor-plan/lusitania/people/peoples-stories.aspx?id=15530

Reference: WaW0027

Name of Mrs J E Howdle on Benllech War Memorial. She was a Stewardess on S S Lusitania.

Benllech War Memorial

Name of Mrs J E Howdle on Benllech War Memorial. She was a Stewardess on S S Lusitania.


Maud Starkie Bence

Place of birth: Suffolk

Service: Volunteer, 1914 - 1916

Death: 1916-06-01, Folkestone, Cause not known

Memorial: Memorial brass, St Brynach, Aberhonddu

Notes: Maud Starkie Bence was a former professional golfer, and friend of Lord Glanusk, Lord Lieutenant of Breconshire. At the outbreak of war she undertook registering all motor vehicles in the county for emergency use. Her first appeal was published 13th August 1914. By 20th August she had details of 552 vehicles, with 150 already offered. She went on to raise money for ‘comforts’ for the South Wales Borderers. When she died aged 48 in 1916 a plaque was erected in her memory by the South Wales Borderers.

Sources: The Brecon County Times Neath Gazette and General Advertiser for the Counties of Brecon Carmarthen Radnor Monmouth Glamorgan Cardigan Montgomery Hereford 10th September 1914; The Brecon County Times Neath Gazette and General Advertiser for the Counties of Brecon Carmarthen Radnor Monmouth Glamorgan Cardigan Montgomery Hereford 6th July 1916

Reference: WaW0057

Maud Starkie Bence playing golf c 1890

Maud Starkie Bence

Maud Starkie Bence playing golf c 1890

Plaque commemorating Maud Starkie Bence, St Brynach's Church, Llanfrynach

St Brynach's Church, Llanfrynach

Plaque commemorating Maud Starkie Bence, St Brynach's Church, Llanfrynach


Frances Ethel Brace

Place of birth: Manorbier

Service: Nurse, QAIMNS, 16/06/1916

Death: 1916-09-21, Military Hospital, Malta, Malaria

Memorial: War Memorial, Cosheton; Llanelwy, Pembrokshire, Flintshire

Notes: Frances Brace trained at Carmarthen Infirmary, and joined QAIMNS in 1916. She was posted to Salonika as a staff nurse. There she contracted malaria and dysentery, and was transferred to Malta. She died there on 2ist September 1916, aged 30.

Sources: http://www.wwwmp.co.uk/pembrokeshire-war-memorials/;http://www.flintshirewarmemorials.com/memorials/st-asaph-memorial/st-asaph-cathedral-welsh-nurses-ww1/brace-frances-ethel/

Reference: WaW0001

Frances Ethel Brace's name on War Memorial, Cosheston

Cosheton War Memorial

Frances Ethel Brace's name on War Memorial, Cosheston

Died in Military Hospital, Malta

Memorial plaque in Malta

Died in Military Hospital, Malta


Frances Ethel Brace and a colleague

Frances Ethel Brace on the left

Frances Ethel Brace and a colleague

Frances Ethel Brace's name on the Nurses' Memorial, St Asaph

Nurses

Frances Ethel Brace's name on the Nurses' Memorial, St Asaph


Nurse Frances Ethel Brace before she joined QAIMNS

Frances Ethel Brace

Nurse Frances Ethel Brace before she joined QAIMNS

Report of the death of Frances  Ethel Brace, Herald of Wales 30th September 1918

Newspaper report

Report of the death of Frances Ethel Brace, Herald of Wales 30th September 1918


Elizabeth Anne (Lizzie) Jones

Place of birth: Cardigan

Service: Munitions Worker

Death: 1916-10-23, Cardigan, TNT poisoning / Gwenwyno TNT

Memorial: Cenotaph, Cardigan, Cardiganshire

Notes: aged 22, had worked at NEF Pembrey. Her mother Mary Anne Williams claimed compensation for her daughter's death

Sources: http://www.wwwmp.co.uk/ceredigion-war-memorials/

Reference: WaW0034

Name of Elizabeth Jones on Cardigan War Memorial

Cardigan War Memorial

Name of Elizabeth Jones on Cardigan War Memorial


Lizzie's mother Mary Anne Jones claiming compensation for her daughter's death.

Newspaper report

Lizzie's mother Mary Anne Jones claiming compensation for her daughter's death.

Lizzie’s photograph was collected by the Women’s Subcommittee of the Imperial War Museum as part of its collection of women who died during the War.

Lizzie Jones

Lizzie’s photograph was collected by the Women’s Subcommittee of the Imperial War Museum as part of its collection of women who died during the War.


Letter from the Town Clerk of Cardigan about a photograph of Lizzie Jones

Letter

Letter from the Town Clerk of Cardigan about a photograph of Lizzie Jones


Margaret Williams

Place of birth: Holyhead

Service: Stewardess, 1914 - d

Death: 1916-11-03, SS Connemara, Drowning / Boddi

Memorial: War memorial, Holyhead, Anglesey

Notes: aged 32. SS Connemara sank in a collision with the coal carrier Retriever. MW is said to have been on her last shift before her marriage. Her body was never recovered.

Sources: https://sites.google.com/site/holyheadwarmemorial19141918/home/ss-connemara/margaret-williams-stewardess

Reference: WaW0067

Margaret Williams, a stewardess on S S Connemara, drowned in a collision at sea.

Margaret Williams

Margaret Williams, a stewardess on S S Connemara, drowned in a collision at sea.


Margaret Jane Meredith

Place of birth: Erwood

Service: Farm servant

Death: 1916/02/23, Grugwyllt Farm, Margam, Poisoning / Gwenwyno

Notes: Margaret Meredith had been a farm servant at Grugwyllt Farm, Margam for ‘about a year’. She was 27 or 28. On the evening of February 23rd 1916 she ate yew leaves in an attempt to procure an abortion, and died of poisoning. She had a soldier lover, but had not seen him for a year. She was also said to be seeing a man from Cwmafon. A longer account of the inquest in the Brecon County Times shows that the coroner questioned her employer, Caradoc Jones, a widower, about her condition. He denied responsibility. The verdict was ‘death was due to poisoning by taking yew leaves while temporarily insane’.

Reference: WaW0298

Headline to the report of the inquest of Margaret Jane Meredith. Cambria Daily Leader 25th February 1916.

Newspaper headline

Headline to the report of the inquest of Margaret Jane Meredith. Cambria Daily Leader 25th February 1916.

First part of the report of the inquest into Margaret Meredith’s death. The full report can be found in the Cambria Daily Leader, 25th February 1916, p.6.

Newspaper report

First part of the report of the inquest into Margaret Meredith’s death. The full report can be found in the Cambria Daily Leader, 25th February 1916, p.6.


Ethel Roberts

Place of birth: Wrexham

Service: Child

Death: 1916/03.09, Moss, Wrexham, Explosion / Ffrwydrad

Memorial: Holy Trinity Church, Gwersyllt, Wrexham, Denbighshire

Notes: Ethel, aged one, died when a souvenir shell brought home by her uncle exploded, killing her and fatally injuring her sister and two cousins. Her uncle Private John Bagnall was seriously injured as well as her mother Sarah Roberts and her aunt Mary Bagnall. The children were buried in two graves in Holy Trinity Churchyard, Gwersyllt, where a memorial to the four girls was dedicated in March 2016.

Sources: http://www.dailypost.co.uk/news/north-wales-news/wrexham-remembers-four-children-killed-11027982

Reference: WaW0220

Report of the shell explosion that killed four girls and injured three adults, North Wales Chronicle 10th March 1916

Newspaper report

Report of the shell explosion that killed four girls and injured three adults, North Wales Chronicle 10th March 1916

Report of the explosion giving the names of the victims.

Newspaper Report

Report of the explosion giving the names of the victims.


Memorial to Sarah Bagnall, Ethel Roberts, Mary Roberts and Violet Williams at Holy Trinity Churchyard, Gwersyllt, dedicated March 2016.

Memorial

Memorial to Sarah Bagnall, Ethel Roberts, Mary Roberts and Violet Williams at Holy Trinity Churchyard, Gwersyllt, dedicated March 2016.


Mary Frances Roberts

Place of birth: Wrexham

Service: Child

Death: 1916/03/09, Moss, Wrexham, Explosion / Ffrwydrad

Memorial: Holy Trinity Church, Gwersyllt, Wrexham, Denbighshire

Notes: Mary, aged four, died when a souvenir shell brought home by her uncle exploded, killing her sister and fatally injuring her and her two cousins. Her uncle Private John Bagnall was seriously injured as well as her mother Sarah Roberts and her aunt Mary Bagnall. The children were buried in two graves in Holy Trinity Churchyard, Gwersyllt, where a memorial to the four girls was dedicated in March 2016.

Sources: http://www.dailypost.co.uk/news/north-wales-news/wrexham-remembers-four-children-killed-11027982

Reference: WaW0219

Report of the shell explosion that killed four girls and injured three adults, North Wales Chronicle 10th March 1916

Newspaper report

Report of the shell explosion that killed four girls and injured three adults, North Wales Chronicle 10th March 1916

Report of the explosion giving the names of the victims. Abergavenny Chronicle 17 March 1916

Newspaper report

Report of the explosion giving the names of the victims. Abergavenny Chronicle 17 March 1916


Memorial to Sarah Bagnall, Ethel Roberts, Mary Roberts and Violet Williams at Holy Trinity Churchyard, Gwersyllt, dedicated March 2016.

Newspaper report

Memorial to Sarah Bagnall, Ethel Roberts, Mary Roberts and Violet Williams at Holy Trinity Churchyard, Gwersyllt, dedicated March 2016.


Sarah Hannah Bagnall

Place of birth: Wrexham

Service: Child

Death: 1916/03/09, Moss, Wrexham, Explosion / Ffrwydrad

Memorial: Holy Trinity Church, Gwersyllt, Wrexham, Denbighshire

Notes: Sarah, aged 1, died when a souvenir shell brought home by her father exploded, killing or fatally injuring her and her three cousins. Her mother Mary Bagnall was seriously injured as well as her father and aunt Sarah Roberts. The children were buried in two graves in Holy Trinity Churchyard, Gwersyllt, where a memorial to the four girls was dedicated in March 2016.

Sources: http://www.dailypost.co.uk/news/north-wales-news/wrexham-remembers-four-children-killed-11027982

Reference: WaW0217

Report of the shell explosion that killed four girls and injured three adults, North Wales Chronicle 10th March 1916

Newspaper report

Report of the shell explosion that killed four girls and injured three adults, North Wales Chronicle 10th March 1916

Report of the explosion giving the names of the victims. Abergavenny Chronicle 17 March 1916

Newspaper report

Report of the explosion giving the names of the victims. Abergavenny Chronicle 17 March 1916


Memorial to Sarah Bagnall, Ethel Roberts, Mary Roberts and Violet Williams at Holy Trinity Churchyard, Gwersyllt, dedicated March 2016.

Newspaper report

Memorial to Sarah Bagnall, Ethel Roberts, Mary Roberts and Violet Williams at Holy Trinity Churchyard, Gwersyllt, dedicated March 2016.


Violet Williams

Place of birth: Wrexham

Service: Child

Death: 1916/03/09, Moss, Wrexham, Explosion / Ffrwydrad

Memorial: Holy Trinity Church, Gwersyllt, Wrexham, Denbighshire

Notes: Violet, aged seven, died when a souvenir shell brought home by her uncle exploded, killing or fatally injuring her and her three cousins. Her uncle Private John Bagnall was seriously injured as well as her aunts Mary Bagnall and Sarah Roberts. The children were buried in two graves in Holy Trinity Churchyard, Gwersyllt, where a memorial to the four girls was dedicated in March 2016.

Sources: http://www.dailypost.co.uk/news/north-wales-news/wrexham-remembers-four-children-killed-11027982

Reference: WaW0218

Report of the shell explosion that killed four girls and injured three adults, North Wales Chronicle 10th March 1916.

Newspaper report

Report of the shell explosion that killed four girls and injured three adults, North Wales Chronicle 10th March 1916.

Report of the explosion giving the names of the victims.

Newspaper report

Report of the explosion giving the names of the victims.


Memorial to Sarah Bagnall, Ethel Roberts, Mary Roberts and Violet Williams at Holy Trinity Churchyard, Gwersyllt, dedicated March 2016.

Newspaper report

Memorial to Sarah Bagnall, Ethel Roberts, Mary Roberts and Violet Williams at Holy Trinity Churchyard, Gwersyllt, dedicated March 2016.



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